The difference between traumatic and non-traumatic brain injuries

There are two main types of acquired brain injuries and they both can result in severe physical, emotional and mental consequences for victims.

Many people in West Virginia incur a traumatic brain injury due to accidents or other experiences. At the office of James F. Humphreys & Associates, L.C., we help clients with brain injuries who are struggling to return back to work and life as normal.

The Brain Injury Association of America defines acquired brain injuries as trauma to the brain that is not induced during birth, degenerative, congenital or hereditary. Simply put, these types of brain injuries are ones incurred after birth. In many cases, these injuries can alter the brain's neuronal activity, which can affect the body's metabolic activity, physical integrity and the ability for nerve cells in the brain to function as they should.

Traumatic and non-traumatic TBIs

There are also two types of acquired brain injuries: non-traumatic and traumatic. Traumatic brain injuries occur because of an external force and they result in a change to the way the brain functions. For example, traumatic brain injuries can occur due to falls, assaults, motor vehicle accidents, workplace injuries, sports/recreation injuries and gunshot wounds.

Comparatively, non-traumatic brain injuries can be defined as either open (penetrating) or closed (non-penetrating). Seizures, tumors, strokes, infectious diseases, metabolic disorders, toxic exposure, lack of oxygen and drug overdoses can all result in non-traumatic brain injuries.

Tips for recovery

Because brain injuries, both traumatic and non-traumatic, can significantly disrupt a person's life, there are several steps victims should take to help themselves recover from the effects of the brain injury:

  • Plenty of rest should be attained both at night and during the day.
  • Activities that require physical exertion, like working out or housecleaning, should be avoided. Too much physical exertion can slow recovery and even make symptoms worse.
  • Activities that could lead to another jolt to the head, like recreational sports, should be avoided.
  • Employees should ask their employer about returning to work at a gradual pace instead of returning to full capacity right away.
  • Only drugs approved by a healthcare professional should be taken during the recovery period.

Those recovering from a brain injury should also only try to focus on one activity at a time, consult with family members or friends before making major decisions and avoid sustained time in front of a computer.

Contact James Humphreys, former two time Chairman of the Brain Injury Association of America

While many of the effects of a brain injury go away on their own, some linger for months or even years. Brain injury sufferers in West Virginia should contact James Humphreys, former two time Chairman of the Brain Injury Association of America after they are involved in an accident to ensure their legal rights are protected.